# AKTU Notes – First Year (B.Tech) PDF Download

If you’re pursuing B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) in AKTU or Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Technical University you may know that first year of B.Tech is more or less common to all the branches except Agricultural Engineering and Bio-Technology Branch. Below we have provided AKTU notes as well as the books advised by the university for the first-year students with the subject-wise syllabus. You can easily download your subject notes by just clicking the download button!

## Engineering Physics (KAS 101T/ KAS 201T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Physics as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Relativistic Mechanics:**Frame of reference, Inertial & non-inertial frames, Galilean transformations, Michelson- Morley experiment, Postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, Length contraction, Time dilation, Velocity addition theorem, Variation of mass with velocity, Einstein’s mass-energy relation, Relativistic relation between energy and momentum, Massless particle.**Electromagnetic Field Theory:**Continuity equation for current density, Displacement current, Modifying equation for the curl of the magnetic field to satisfy continuity equation, Maxwell’s equations in vacuum and in nonconducting medium, Energy in an electromagnetic field, Poynting vector and Poynting theorem, Plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum and their transverse nature. Relation between electric and magnetic fields of an electromagnetic wave, Energy and momentum carried by electromagnetic waves, Resultantpressure, Skin depth.**Quantum Mechanics:**Black body radiation, Stefan‟s law, Wien‟s law, Rayleigh-Jeans law and Planck‟s law, Wave-particle duality, Matter waves, Time-dependent and time-independent Schrodinger wave equation, Born interpretation of wave function, Solution to stationary state Schrodinger wave equation for one-Dimensional particle in a box, Compton effect.**Wave Optics:**Coherent sources, Interference in uniform and wedge-shaped thin films, Necessity of extended sources, Newton’s Rings and its applications. Fraunhofer diffraction at single slit and at the double slit, absent spectra, Diffraction grating, Spectra with grating, Dispersive power, Resolving power of grating, Rayleigh‟s criterion of resolution, Resolving power of grating.**Fibre Optics & Laser:**Introduction to fiber optics, Acceptance angle, Numerical aperture, Normalized frequency, Classification of fiber, Attenuation and Dispersion in optical fibers.*Optics:*Absorption of radiation, Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Einstein‟s coefficients, Population inversion, Various levels of Laser, Ruby Laser, He-Ne Laser, Laser applications.*Laser:*

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- Concepts of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser (McGraw Hill)
- Introduction to Special Theory of Relativity- Robert Resnick (Wiley)
- Optics – Brijlal & Subramanian (S. Chand )
- Engineering Physics: Theory and Practical- Katiyar and Pandey (Wiley India)
- Applied Physics for Engineers- Neeraj Mehta (PHI Learning, New)
- Engineering Physics-Malik HK and Singh AK (McGrawHill)

### Download AKTU notes & books for Engineering Physics First Year (B.Tech)

## Engineering Chemistry (KAS 102T/ KAS 202T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Chemistry as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Atomic and Molecular Structure:**Molecular orbitals of diatomic molecules. Band theory of solids. Liquid crystal and its applications. Point defects in solids. Structure and applications of Graphite and Fullerenes. Concepts of Nano-materials and its application.**Spectroscopic techniques and Applications:**Elementary idea and simple applications of Rotational, Vibrational, Ultraviolet& Visible, and Raman spectroscopy.**Electrochemistry:**Nernst Equation and application, relation of EMF with thermodynamic functions (∆H, ∆F, and ∆ S). Lead storage battery.Corrosion; causes, effects, and prevention.Phase Rule and its application to the water system.**Water Analysis:**Hardness of water, Techniques for water softening (Limesoda, Zeolite, Ion exchange resin and Reverse osmosis method).**Fuels:**classification of fuels, Analysis of coal, Determination of calorific value (Bomb calorimeter and Dulong’s methods).**Polymers**: Basic concepts of polymer-Blend and composites, Conducting, and biodegradable polymers. Preparation and application of some industrially important polymers (Buna-S, Buna-N, Neoprene, Nylon-6, nylon-6,6, and Terylene). General methods of synthesis of organo-metallic compounds (Grignard reagent) and their applications.

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- University Chemistry By B.H. MahanUniversity Chemistry By C.N.R. Rao
- Organic Chemistry By I.L. Finar
- Physical Chemistry By S. Glasstone
- Engineering Chemistry By S.S. Dara
- Polymer Chemistry By Fre W., Billmeyer
- Engineering Chemistry By Satya Prakash

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## Engineering Mathematics 2 (KAS 203T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Engineering Mathematics 2 as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Ordinary Differential Equation of Higher Order:**Linear differential equation of nth order with constant coefficients, Simultaneous linear differential equations, Second-order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, Solution by changing independent variable, Reduction of order, Normal form, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy-Euler equation.**Multivariable Calculus-II:**Introduction of Improper integrals, Beta & Gama function and their properties, Dirichlet’s integral and its applications, Application of definite integrals to evaluate surface areas and volume of revolutions.**Sequences and Series:**Definition of Sequence and series with examples, Convergence of sequence and series, Tests for convergence of series, (Ratio test, D’ Alembert’s test, Raabe’s test). Fourier series, Half range Fourier sine and cosine series.**Complex Variable–Differentiation:**Limit, Continuity and differentiability, Functions of complex variable, Analytic functions, Cauchy- Riemann equations (Cartesian and Polar form), Harmonic function, Method to find Analytic functions, Conformal mapping, Mobius transformation and their properties.**Complex Variable –Integration:**Complex integrals, Contour integrals, Cauchy- Integral theorem, Cauchy integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series (without proof), Singularities, Classification of Singularities, zeros of analytic functions, Residues, Methods of finding residues, Cauchy Residue theorem, Evaluation of real integrals of the types

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- B. V. Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 2008.
- B. S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publisher, 2005.
- R K. Jain & SR K. Iyenger, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Narosa Publishing House 2002.

### Download AKTU notes & books for Engineering Mathematics 2 First Year (B.Tech)

## Engineering Mathematics 1 (KAS 103T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Engineering Mathematics 1 as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Matrices:**Types of Matrices: Symmetric, Skew-symmetric, and Orthogonal Matrices; Complex Matrices, Inverse, and Rank of matrix using elementary transformations, Rank-Nullity theorem; System of linear equations, Characteristic equation, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem, and its application, Eigenvalues, and eigenvectors; Diagonalisation of a Matrix**Differential Calculus- I:**Introduction to limits, continuity and differentiability, Rolle’s Theorem, Lagrange’s Mean value theorem, and Cauchy mean value theorem, Successive Differentiation (nth order derivatives), Leibnitz theorem and its application, Envelope of family of one and two-parameter, Curve tracing: Cartesian and Polar co-ordinates**Differential Calculus-II:**Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Euler’s Theorem for homogeneous functions, Taylor and Maclaurin’s theorems for a function of two variables, Maxima and Minima of functions of several variables, Lagrange Method of Multipliers, Jacobians, Approximation of errors**Multivariable Calculus-I:**Multiple integration: Double integral, Triple integrals, Change of order of integration, Change of variables, Application: Areas and volumes, Center of mass and center of gravity (Constant and variable densities)**Vector Calculus:**Vector identities (without proof), Vector differentiation: Gradient, Curl and Divergence and their Physical interpretation, Directional derivatives. Vector Integration: Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Gauss’s Divergence theorem, Green’s theorem, and Stoke’s theorem (without proof) and their applications

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- B. V. Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 2008.
- B. S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publisher, 2005.
- R K. Jain & SR K. Iyenger, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Narosa Publishing House 2002.

### Download AKTU notes & books for Engineering Mathematics 1 First Year (B.Tech)

## Basic Electrical Engineering (KEE 101T/201T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Basic ELectrical Engineering as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**DC Circuits:**Electrical circuit elements (R, L, and C), Concept of active and passive elements, voltage and current sources, the concept of linearity and linear network, unilateral and bilateral elements, Kirchhoff‟s laws, Loop and nodal methods of analysis, Star-delta transformation, Superposition theorem, Thevenin theorem, Norton theorem.**Steady-State Analysis of Single Phase AC Circuits:**Representation of Sinusoidal waveforms – Average and effective values, Form and peak factors, Concept of phasors, phasor representation of sinusoidal varying voltage and current. Analysis of single-phase AC Circuits consisting of R, L, C, RL, RC, RLC combinations (Series and Parallel), Apparent, active & reactive power, Power factor, power factor improvement. Concept of Resonance in series & parallel circuits, bandwidth, and quality factor. Three-phase balanced circuits, voltage and current relations in star and delta connections.**Transformers:**Magnetic materials, BH characteristics, ideal and practical transformer, equivalent circuit, losses in transformers, regulation, and efficiency. Auto-transformer and three-phase transformer connections.**Electrical machines:**DC machines: Principle & Construction, Types, EMF equation of generator and torque equation of motor, applications of DC motors (simple numerical problems) Three Phase Induction Motor: Principle & Construction, Types, Sliptorque characteristics, Applications (Numerical problems related to slip only) Single Phase Induction motor: Principle of operation and introduction to methods of starting, applications. Three Phase Synchronous Machines: Principle of operation of alternator and synchronous motor and their applications.**Electrical Installations:**Components of LT Switchgear: Switch Fuse Unit (SFU), MCB, ELCB, MCCB, Types of Wires and Cables, Importance of earthing. Types of Batteries, Important characteristics for Batteries. Elementary calculations for energy consumption and savings, battery backup.

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- D. P. Kothari and I. J. Nagrath, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, McGraw Hill.D. C. Kulshreshtha, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, McGraw Hill.
- Ritu Sahdev, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, Khanna Publishing House.
- S. Singh, P.V. Prasad, “Electrical Engineering: Concepts and Applications”

Cengage

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## Emerging Domains in Electronics Engineering (KEC 101T/201T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Emerging Domains in Electronics Engineering as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Semiconductor Diode:**Depletion layer, V-I characteristics, ideal and practical Diodes, Diode Equivalent Circuits, Zener Diodes breakdown mechanism (Zener and avalanche) Diode Application: diode Configuration, Half and Full Wave rectification, Clippers, Clampers, Zener diode as shunt regulator, Voltage-Multiplier Circuits Special Purpose two-terminal Devices: Light-Emitting Diodes, Photo Diodes, Varactor Diodes, Tunnel Diodes, Liquid-Crystal Displays.**Bipolar Junction Transistor:**Transistor Construction, Operation, Amplification action. Common Base, Common Emitter, Common Collector Configuration Field Effect Transistor: Construction and Characteristics of JFETs. Transfer Characteristic. MOSFET (MOS) (Depletion and Enhancement) Type, Transfer Characteristic.**Operational Amplifiers:**Introduction, Op-Amp Basic, Practical Op-Amp Circuits (Inverting Amplifier, Non-inverting Amplifier, Unit Follower, Summing Amplifier, Integrator, Differentiator).Differential and Common-Mode Operation, Comparators. Introduction of IoT System, Components of IoT system: Microprocessor and Microcontroller, Bluetooth Technology, Wi-Fi Technology, Concept of Networking, Sensor Nodes, concept of cloud.**Digital Electronics:**Number system & representation. Introduction of Basic and Universal Gates, using Boolean algebra simplification of Boolean function. K Map Minimization up to 6 Variable. Introduction To IC Technology: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI Integrated Circuits.**Fundamentals of Communication Engineering:**Basics of signal representation and analysis, Electromagnetic spectrum Elements of a Communication System, Need of modulation and typical applications, Fundamentals of amplitude modulation, and demodulation techniques. Introduction to Data Communications: Goals and applications of Networks. General Model of Wireless Communication: Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals, GPRS, GSM, CDMA. Elements of Satellite & Radar Communication

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- Robert L. Boylestand / Louis Nashelsky “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, Pearson

Education. - H S Kalsi, “Electronic Instrumentation”, McGraw Publication
- George Kennedy, “Electronic Communication Systems”, McGraw Publication
- David A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Oxford University Press.
- Jacob Millman, C.C. Halkias, Staya brataJit, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, McGraw Hill
- David A. Bell, Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements, Latest Edition, Oxford University

Press India

### Download AKTU notes & books for Emerging Domains in Electronics Engineering First Year (B.Tech)

## Programming for Problem Solving (C Programming) (KCS 101T/201T)

This is unit-wise breakdown for Programming for Problem Solving (C Programming) as per the AKTU syllabus 2020-2021

**Introduction to Programming:**Introduction to components of a computer system: Memory, processor, I/O Devices, storage, operating system, Concept of assembler, compiler, interpreter, loader, and linker. Idea of Algorithm: Representation of Algorithm, Flowchart, Pseudo code with examples, From algorithms to programs, source code. Programming Basics: Structure of C program: writing and executing the first C program, Syntax, and logical errors in compilation, object, and executable code. Components of C language: Standard I/O in C, Fundamental data types, Variables and memory locations, Storage classes.**Arithmetic expressions & Conditional Branching:**Arithmetic expressions and precedence: Operators and expression using numeric and relational operators, mixed operands, type conversion, logical operators, bit operations, assignment operator, operator precedence, and associatively. Conditional Branching: Applying if and switch statements, nesting if and else, use of break and default with switch.**Loops & Functions:**Iteration and loops: use of while, do-while, and for loops, multiple loop variables, use of break and continue statements. Functions: Introduction, types of functions, functions with array, passing parameters to functions, call by value, call by reference, recursive functions.**Arrays & Basic Algorithms:**Arrays: Array notation and representation, manipulating array elements, using multidimensional arrays. Character arrays and strings, Structure, union, enumerated data types, Array of structures, Passing arrays to functions. Basic Algorithms: Searching &Basic Sorting Algorithms (Bubble, Insertion, and Selection), Finding roots of equations, Notion of order of complexity.**Pointer& File Handling:**Pointers: Introduction, declaration, applications, Introduction to dynamic memory allocation (malloc, calloc, realloc, free), Use of pointers in self-referential structures, the notion of linked list (no implementation) File handling: File I/O functions, Standard C preprocessors, defining and calling macros, command-line arguments.

### Reference Books advised by AKTU:

- Schum‟s Outline of Programming with C by Byron Gottfried, McGraw-Hill
- The C programming by Kernighan Brian W. and Ritchie Dennis M., Pearson Education.
- Computer Basics and C Programming by V.Rajaraman, PHI Learning Pvt. Limited, 2015.
- Computer Concepts and Programming in C, R.S. Salaria, Khanna Publishing House
- Computer Concepts and Programming in C, E Balaguruswami, McGraw Hill
- Computer Science- A Structured Programming Approach Using C, by Behrouz A. Forouzan,

Richard F. Gilberg, Thomson, Third Edition, Cengage Learning – 2007. - Let Us C By Yashwant P. Kanetkar.
- Problem Solving and Program Design in C, by Jeri R. Hanly, Elliot B. Koffman, Pearson

Addison-Wesley, 2006. - Programming in C by Kochan Stephen G. Pearson Education – 2015.
- Computer Concepts and Programming in C by D.S. Yadav and Rajeev Khanna, New Age

International Publication. - Computer Concepts and Programming by Anami, Angadi, and Manvi, PHI Publication.
- Computer Concepts and Programming in C by Vikas Gupta, Wiley India Publication
- Computer Fundamentals and Programming in C. Reema Thareja, Oxford Publication
- Problem Solving and Programming in C, R.S. Salaria, Khanna Publishing House.

Please provide emerging technology notes for 1st semester